Thing > MedicalEntity > MedicalIntangible > DDxElement

An alternative, closely-related condition typically considered later in the differential diagnosis process along with the signs that are used to distinguish it.
Свойство Ожидаемый тип Описание
Свойства от DDxElement
diagnosis MedicalCondition One or more alternative conditions considered in the differential diagnosis process.
distinguishingSign MedicalSignOrSymptom One of a set of signs and symptoms that can be used to distinguish this diagnosis from others in the differential diagnosis.
Свойства от MedicalEntity
code MedicalCode Медицинский код для определения объекта , который берется из словаря или онотологии, например из ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm и тд.
guideline MedicalGuideline Медицинское руководство, связанное с этой сущностью.
medicineSystem MedicineSystem Вид медицины к которой относится эта медицинская сущность, например "Доказательная медицина", "Гомеопатия", "Хиропрактика" и тд.
recognizingAuthority Organization Если применимо в данном случае, организация, которая официально признает эту сущность как часть ее одобренной системы медицины.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty Если применимо в данном случае, медцицинская специальность к которой относится данная сущность.
study MedicalStudy Медицинское исследование или испытания, которые имеют отношение к данной сущности.
Свойства от Thing
additionalType URL Дополнительный тип для элемента, который обычно используется для добавления более конкретных типов от внешних словарей в синтаксис микроданных. Это отношения между чем-то и классом к которому он принадлежит. В синтаксисе RDFa, лучше использовать родной синтаксис RDF - аттрибут "TypeOf" для множественных типов. Инстументы Schema.org могут слабо понимать дополнительные типы, особенно те, которые определены извне.
alternateName Text Любое альтернативное название медицинской сущности.
description Text Короткое описание записи.
image URL
или ImageObject
URL изображения записи.
name Text Имя записи.
sameAs URL Адрес веб-страницы, которая недвусмысленно указывает на идентичность элемента. Например, ссылка на страницу элемента на Википедии, Freebase страницу или на официальный сайт.
url URL URL записи.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
mainEntityOfPage CreativeWork
или URL
Indicates a page (or other CreativeWork) for which this thing is the main entity being described. See [background notes](/docs/datamodel.html#mainEntityBackground) for details.
disambiguatingDescription Text A sub property of description. A short description of the item used to disambiguate from other, similar items. Information from other properties (in particular, name) may be necessary for the description to be useful for disambiguation.
identifier URL
или Text
или PropertyValue
The identifier property represents any kind of identifier for any kind of [[Thing]], such as ISBNs, GTIN codes, UUIDs etc. Schema.org provides dedicated properties for representing many of these, either as textual strings or as URL (URI) links. See [background notes](/docs/datamodel.html#identifierBg) for more details.


Объекты класса DDxElement могут являтся значениями следующих свойств
Свойство В типах Описание
differentialDiagnosis MedicalCondition Один из множества дифференциальных диагнозов заболевания. В частности, очень близкий или конкурирующий диагноз, участвующий в процессе исключаения не подходящие по каким-либо фактам или симптомам заболевания, возможные у больного, что в конечном счёте должно свести диагноз к единственно вероятной болезни.

Примеры

 
<h1>Stable angina (angina pectoris)</h1>
Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the heart. The
most common causes are atherosclerosis and spasms of the
epicardial artery. Typical symptoms include:
<ul>
  <li>chest discomfort</li>
  <li>feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest</li>
</ul>
Both stable angina and a heart attack result in chest pain, but
a heart attack will have chest pain lasting at least
10 minutes at rest, repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
lasting 5 or more minutes, or an accelerating pattern of chest
discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion).
<br>
Risk factors for stable angina include:
<ul>
  <li>Age</li>
  <li>Gender</li>
  <li>Systolic blood pressure</li>
  <li>Smoking</li>
  <li>Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</li>
  <li>Coronary artery disease</li>
</ul>
The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
with aspirin, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nitroglycerine.
Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
stopping smoking, weight management, and increased physical activity. 
 
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
  <h1><span itemprop="name">Stable angina</span>
    (<span itemprop="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
  <span itemprop="code" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCode">
    <meta itemprop="code" content="413"/>
    <meta itemprop="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
  </span>
  Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
  <span itemprop="associatedAnatomy" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AnatomicalStructure">
    <span itemprop="name">heart</span>
  </span>.
  The most common causes are
  <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
    <span itemprop="name">atherosclerosis</span>
  </span>
  and
  <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
    <span itemprop="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
  </span>.
  Typical symptoms include:
  <ul>
    <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">chest discomfort</span>
        </span>
    </li>
    <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
            or pain in the chest</span>
        </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
  Both stable angina and a
  <span itemprop="differentialDiagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DDxElement">
    <span itemprop="diagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
      <span itemprop="name">heart attack</span>
    </span>
    result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
    </span>,
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
        lasting 5 or more minutes
      </span>
    </span>, or
    <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
      <span itemprop="name">an accelerating pattern of
        chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
        longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
      </span>
    </span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  Risk factors for stable angina include:
  <ul>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Age</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Gender</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Smoking</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span itemprop="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
  with
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
    <span itemprop="name">aspirin</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
    <span itemprop="name">beta blockers</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
    <span itemprop="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
  </span>, and/or
  <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
    <span itemprop="name">nitroglycerine</span>
  </span>,
  Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">stopping smoking</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">weight management</span>
  </span>, and
  <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
    <span itemprop="name">increased physical activity</span>
  </span>.
</div> 
 
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="MedicalCondition">
  <h1><span property="name">Stable angina</span>
    (<span property="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
  <span property="code"  typeof="MedicalCode">
    <meta property="code" content="413"/>
    <meta property="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
  </span>
  Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
  <span property="associatedAnatomy"  typeof="AnatomicalStructure">
    <span property="name">heart</span>
  </span>.
  The most common causes are
  <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
    <span property="name">atherosclerosis</span>
  </span>
  and
  <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
    <span property="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
  </span>.
  Typical symptoms include:
  <ul>
    <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">chest discomfort</span>
        </span>
    </li>
    <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
            or pain in the chest</span>
        </span>
    </li>
  </ul>
  Both stable angina and a
  <span property="differentialDiagnosis"  typeof="DDxElement">
    <span property="diagnosis"  typeof="MedicalCondition">
      <span property="name">heart attack</span>
    </span>
    result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
    </span>,
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
        lasting 5 or more minutes
      </span>
    </span>, or
    <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
      <span property="name">an accelerating pattern of
        chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
        longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
      </span>
    </span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  Risk factors for stable angina include:
  <ul>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Age</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Gender</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Smoking</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
          <span property="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
  with
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
    <span property="name">aspirin</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
    <span property="name">beta blockers</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
    <span property="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
  </span>, and/or
  <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
    <span property="name">nitroglycerine</span>
  </span>,
  Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">stopping smoking</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">weight management</span>
  </span>, and
  <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
    <span property="name">increased physical activity</span>
  </span>.
</div> 
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org", 
  "@type": "MedicalCondition", 
  "alternateName": "angina pectoris", 
  "associatedAnatomy": {
    "@type": "AnatomicalStructure", 
    "name": "heart"
  }, 
  "cause": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalCause", 
      "name": "atherosclerosis"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalCause", 
      "name": "spasms of the epicardial artery"
    }
  ], 
  "code": {
    "@type": "MedicalCode", 
    "code": "413", 
    "codingSystem": "ICD-9"
  }, 
  "differentialDiagnosis": {
    "@type": "DDxElement", 
    "diagnosis": {
      "@type": "MedicalCondition", 
      "name": "heart attack"
    }, 
    "distinguishingSign": [
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom", 
        "name": "chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest"
      }, 
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom", 
        "name": "repeated episodes of chest pain at rest lasting 5 or more minutes"
      }, 
      {
        "@type": "MedicalSymptom", 
        "name": "an accelerating pattern of chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe, longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)"
      }
    ]
  }, 
  "name": "Stable angina", 
  "possibleTreatment": [
    {
      "@type": "Drug", 
      "name": "aspirin"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass", 
      "name": "beta blockers"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass", 
      "name": "ACE inhibitors"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "Drug", 
      "name": "nitroglycerine"
    }
  ], 
  "riskFactor": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Age"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Gender"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Systolic blood pressure"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Smoking"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor", 
      "name": "Coronary artery disease"
    }
  ], 
  "secondaryPrevention": [
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification", 
      "name": "stopping smoking"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification", 
      "name": "weight management"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "LifestyleModification", 
      "name": "increased physical activity"
    }
  ], 
  "signOrSymptom": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom", 
      "name": "chest discomfort"
    }, 
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom", 
      "name": "feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest"
    }
  ]
}
</script> 

Schema Version 1.1